Depression is a common problem. It is not just sadness. You may experience a lack of interest and pleasure, gaining or losing weight, insomnia or tiredness, listlessness, concentration problems, feelings of worthlessness or excessive guilt and recurrent thoughts of death or suicide. Social isolation increases the risks.
Significant transitions and major life stressors such as the death of a loved one or the loss of a job can help bring about depression. Other more subtle factors that lead to a loss of self-identity or self-esteem may also contribute. The causes of depression are not always immediately apparent, so the disorder requires careful evaluation and diagnosis by a trained mental health care professional.
Everyone experiences sadness from time to time. But depression lasts longer, interferes with daily life and can cause physical pain. Fortunately, depression is highly treatable, and getting effective treatment is crucial.